Pathology for Massage Therapists


Lactose Intolerance
Definition: inability to digest milk sugar
Causes: lack of or deficiency of lactase (enzyme that digests lactose); we are not designed to digest
cow's milk. May be due o other gastrointestinal disorder that damages digestive tract.
Signs/Symptoms: retain fluid, gas, diarrhea, abdominal cramps
Indications: Massage OK.
Contraindications: N/A

Definition: fatty tumor
Causes: toxins, excess fat
Signs/Symptoms: lumpy feeling tissue, may be painful or tender
Indications: Massage around area.
Contraindications: Refer to physician to rule out other tumors

Definition: abnormal increased concavity in the curvature of the lumbar spine; sway backed
Causes: malfunctioning psoas (weakness, shortness, inability to activate), tightness in adductors, quadriceps, too many sit ups
Signs/Symptoms: sway back, tightness in low back, may have pain
Indications: Deep tissue, structural realignment; release psoas, rectus abdominis, adductors and rebalance pelvis; movement re-education
Contraindications: N/A

Lupus (DLE,SLE)
Definition: chronic inflammatory disease affecting the body's organs
SLE- systemic lupus erythematosus; affects many parts of body including lungs, kidneys, spleen heart
DLE- discoid lupus erythematosus; less serious affecting skin mainly
Causes: autoimmune  inflammatory disease, viral, hereditary, sex hormones, drug reactions, faulty genes, triggered by medications such as penicillin, sulfa or tetracycline, excessive sunlight, injury, stress, infection
Signs/Symptoms: butterfly shaped rash on face that gives person the appearance of a wolf; abnormal cells in urine, arthritis, sun sensitivity, mouth sores, seizures and psychosis, low white blood cell count, low platelet count or hemolytic anemia, low grade fever, aches, hair loss, weight loss
Indications: Massage for stress reduction, reduce inflammation, increase circulation
Contraindications: May have complications of the liver, kidneys, spleen, heart, central nervous
system. Work with physician referral. Hot hydrotherapy contraindicated. Florescent lights and heat lamps may aggravate condition.

Definition: inflammation of the lymphatics system
Causes: bacterial
Signs/Symptoms: fever and chills, swelling and pain
Indications: Massage ok as per physician.
Contraindications: Physician referral

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