Pathology for Massage Therapists
M

Macular Degeneration
Definition: degeneration of the macula (part of retina that is for fine vision); progressive visual loss
Causes: free radical damage, atherosclerosis, hypertension, hereditary, environmental toxins
Signs/Symptoms: loss of vision; slowly or suddenly, does not affect color or peripheral vision.
Indications: Massage for detoxification, stress reduction
Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for treatment; detoxification, lifestyle and diet changes needed; bilberry extract.

Meniere's Disease
Definition: inner ear disturbance
Causes: cervical misalignment, hormonal changes or imbalances, poor circulation, TMJ, allergies, carbohydrate metabolism problem
Signs/Symptoms: dizziness, hearing loss, loss of balance, nausea, vomiting, ringing in the ear
Indications: With referral from physician, after ruling out brain dysfunction or tumors; realign C1, craniosacral work, TMJ realignment, stress reduction
Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.
Links - www.menieres.com
         www.menieres.org

Meningitis
Definition: infection of the meninges that lies between the brain and the skull
Causes: viral, bacterial
Signs/Symptoms: high fever, sore throat, red or purple skin, stiff neck, headache, delirium, changes in temperament and extreme sleepiness
Indications: N/A
Contraindications: Highly contagious! Refer to Physician

Menopause Related Problems
Definition: "Change of Life" for women in which ovulation stops and menstruation ceases indicating the end of fertility.
Causes: hormonal changes, production of estrogen and progesterone decreases significantly; problems caused by improper diet, inactive lifestyles throughout life and hereditary
Signs/Symptoms: hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, fatigue, dizziness, headaches, anxiety, depression, bladder problems, heart palpitations, insomnia
Indications: Massage for stress reduction, detoxification, self awareness, relaxation of tension
Contraindications:  Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.  Most symptoms can be reduced or eliminated without hormone supplementation if lifestyles are adjusted in the early 30's. Hormone supplements need further research.

Migraine
Definition: vascular headache
Causes: excessive dilation or constriction of the brain's blood vessels; hormonal changes, stress, improper diet, food allergies, constipation, liver malfunction, emotional stress, bright lights, low blood sugar, dental problems, TMJ, changes in weather, triggerpoints in neck, shoulders and back
Signs/Symptoms: throbbing pain, vision disturbances, nausea, vommiting, tingling and numbness in the limbs, weakness, may want to be in a dark room
Indications: Massage for stress reduction and detoxification; release triggerpoints in neck, shoulders and upper back, craniosacral, postural alignment, ice/heat; if caught early enough before becoming full attack, migraine may be eliminated or reduced.
Contraindications: If in acute stage, client may not want to be touched. May need dark room for treatment.

Mole
Definition: pigmented, fleshy growth of skin
Signs/Symptoms: watch for changes in color, size
Indications: Massage ok
Contraindications: Refer to Physician when changes occur

Mononucleosis
Definition: infectious viral disease
Causes: virus; Epstein Barr related virus
Signs/Symptoms: fever, fatigue, body aches, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes in neck, bumpy red rash, can damage liver
Indications: N/A
Contraindications: Highly contagious; Refer to Physician

Multiple Sclerosis
Definition: progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system; "multiple scarring"
Causes: autoimmune, stress, malnutrition, chemical poisonings, mercury poisoning
Signs/Symptoms: dizziness, mood changes, eye problems, numbness and tingling in hands and feet, muscular stiffness, fatigue, weakness, breathing difficulties; myelin sheaths that cover nerves are destroyed; periods of remission, urinary problems such as incontinence and frequency of urination
Indications: Massage for stress reduction and detoxification, maintain mobility, reduce pain.
Contraindications: No heat treatments. May be on high doses of steroid drugs. Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for treatment. Holistic Dentist to remove mercury fillings. Bee Venom Therapy.
Links - Alternative Therapies
         Chetday.com - article on a controversial alternative treatment
         MS and food - also by Chet Day
         National Multiple Sclerosis Society
         www.amalgam.org
           International MS Support Foundation

Muscular Dystrophy
Definition: a group of muscle disorders
Causes: hereditary
Signs/Symptoms: atrophy of muscles; no nerve involvement
Indications: Massage to reduce tension, stress reduction
Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.
Link - Muscular Dystrophy Association

Myasthenia Gravis
Definition: weakness of the skeletal muscles
Causes: autoimmune disorder;  abnormality in the neuromuscular junction that prevents the muscle from contracting
Signs/Symptoms: affects the muscles of the face and neck most often, may have trouble with eyes, swallowing, chewing and talking
Indications: Massage for stress reduction
Contraindications: May be on steroids or immune suppressants. Refer to appropriate health care practitioner. Have thyroid checked.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (myofibrositis)
Definition: pain and or autonomic phenomena referred from active trigger points with associated dysfunction
Causes: trauma, nutritional deficiencies, fatigue, overwork, stress
Signs/Symptoms: headaches, trigeminal neuralgia, pain, tenderness with palpation, referred pain, hypertonic muscles, decreased circulation to the area of tenderness
Indications: Massage to relieve pain, trigger point therapy, break up adhesions and hypertonic muscles
Contraindications: none; refer to appropriate health care practitioner.
See Trigger point Therapy

Myopia
Definition: nearsightedness; light comes to focus in front of the retina
Causes: eyestrain, fatigue
Signs/Symptoms: teary eyes, fatigued eyes
Indications: Massage for stress reduction
Contraindications: Refer to Bates Vision eye specialist for eye exercises.

Myositis Ossificans
Definition: inflammation of muscle cells leading to ossification ( turns to bone)
Causes: trauma, bruising, contusions, parasites, congenital, hereditary, progressive degenerative disease
Signs/Symptoms: pain, swelling, tenderness
Indications: None
Contraindications: Refer to Physician
 
 

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