Mail Login Welcome to        This personal site features information about Marcus Ball, studies in massge therapy, customer care, and basic human behavior.

Marcus Ball Contact Site Index

Sex Trafficking Videos ...

Sex Trafficking Videos
Women In History
On Being a Man Video
Before and After
Make up
Plastic Surgery

Conflict Resolution
Child Development
Psych: General
Psych: Learning
Psych: Women
Psych: Drugs
Drugs Library
Psych: Sexuality
Dr,John Stephens



Psychology of Women: Sex Trafficking


The following is a list of available statistics estimating the scope of Human Trafficking around the world and within the United States. Actual statistics are often unavailable, and some may be contradictory due to the covert nature of the crime, the invisibility of victims and high levels of under-reporting. Further obstacles include inconsistent definitions, reluctance to share data, and a lack of funding for and standardization of data collection. Particularly lacking are estimates on the number of American citizens trafficked within the U.S. Human Trafficking Worldwide:

27 million – Number of people in modern-day slavery across the world.

o Source: Kevin Bales of Free the Slaves.

According to the U.S. Department of State’s 2007 Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report), estimates vary from 4 to 27 million.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates 2.4 million people were victims of human trafficking from 1995-2005. This estimate uses the UN Protocol definition of human trafficking, and includes both transnational and internal data.

800,000 – Number of people trafficked across international borders every year.

o Source: U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report: 2007.


  1. The TIP Report in 2001 and 2002 estimated this figure at 700,000;
  2. The TIP Report of 2003 reported 800,000 to 900,000 victims;
  3. The TIP Reports of 2004 through 2006 reported 600,000 to 800,000 victims.

1 million – Number of children exploited by the global commercial sex trade, every year.

o Source: U.S. Department of State, The Facts About Child Sex Tourism: 2005.

50% – Percent of transnational victims who are children.

o Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Report to Congress from Attorney General John Ashcroft on U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons in Fiscal Year 2003: 2004.

80% – Percent of transnational victims who are women and girls.

o Source: U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report: 2007.

70% – Percent of female victims who are trafficked into the commercial sex industry. This means that 30% of female victims are victims of forced labor.

o Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons: 2004.

161 Countries identified as affected by human trafficking:

o 127 countries of origin; 98 transit countries; 137 destination countries.

o Note: Countries may be counted multiple times and categories are not mutually exclusive.

o Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime, Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns: April 2006.

32 billion – Total yearly profits generated by the human trafficking industry.

o $15.5 billion is made in industrialized countries.

o $9.7 billion in Asia

o $13,000 per year generated on average by each "forced laborer." This number can be as high as $67,200 per victim per year.

o Source: ILO, A global alliance against forced labor: 2005.


Foreign Nationals Trafficked into the U.S.:

14,500 - 17,500 – Number of foreign nationals trafficked into the United States every year.

o This is the most recent U.S. government statistic. However, it is constantly being revisited, and a newer statistic is currently under study and review.

o Source: DOJ, HHS, DOS, DOL, DHS, and USAID. Assessment of U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons: June, 2004

  1. The TIP Report in 2001 estimated this number at 45,000-50,0001
  2. The TIP Report in 2002 estimated 50,000
  3. The TIP Report in 2003 estimated 18,000 – 20,0002

1, 379 – Number of foreign national victims of human trafficking certified by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) from October 2000 through FY 2007.

o 131 minors, and 1,248 adults

o These victims originate from at least 77 different countries.

o Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Anti-trafficking in Persons Department; U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report: 2007.

1,318 – Number of T visas granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) from FY 2000 through November 1, 2008 to human trafficking survivors. 729 visas were issued between FY 2000 and FY 2006.

o Another 1,076 derivative T visas were granted to family members.

o DHS is authorized to issue up to 5,000 T-visas per year.

o Source: USCIS; U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report: 2007.


Human Trafficking of U.S. citizens within the U.S.:

244,000 – Number of American children and youth estimated to be at risk of child sexual exploitation, including commercial sexual exploitation, in 2000.

o Source: Estes, Richard J. and Neil A. Weiner. The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work: 2001.

In a study funded by the Department of Justice.

38,600 – Estimated number of an approximate 1.6 million runaway/thrownaway youth at risk of sexual endangerment or exploitation in 1999.

o Source: U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Runaway/Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics. NISMART Series: 2002.

12-14 – Average age of entry into prostitution

o Source: Estes, Richard J. and Neil A. Weiner. The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work: 2001.

Contact Polaris Project for more information | P.O. Box 77892, Washington, DC 20013 | Tel: 202.745.1001 | |



Not For Sale - Prostitution - Part 1 - Prostitution survivors explain how prostitution harms and why it is violence against women, with or without a pimp. Women in prostitution, former prostitutes explain how prostitution is abuse and sexual exploitation and how they became sex slaves. Feminism. This feminist CATW (Coalition Against Trafficking in Women) and EWL (European Women's Lobby) documentary is available on their website


Not For Sale - Prostitution - Part 2


Not For Sale - Prostitution - Part 3


Trapped - 52-min documentary Publisher: Journeyman  Copyright: ©Anja Dalhoff  Published: 8 Jul, 2008 Last Updated: 25 Nov, 2010

Each year an estimated 2 million women and children are tricked, beaten, raped and forced by threat of death into the world’s growing sex industry. This heartbreaking and visually breathtaking film follows women selling sex from the cold, lonely streets of Europe to the blistering villages in Africa they can never again call home. If you only watch one film this year, make it this one.

“You can run, but you can’t hide” say the girls, who night after night sell themselves to an endless stream of men. In filthy brothels or parked cars they ply their soulless trade. Street fights are common, as desperate girls steal money from clients to help pay their debts. This film captures first hand the violence and eeriness of life working on the streets.

Michelle Mildwater specializes in trauma. Her exceptional sensitivity allows two women - Anna and Joy – to tell their horrific stories. In the glaring light of a refugee prison we meet Joy, trafficked to Europe where she was imprisoned for fraud. When Joy gives up her hopeless quest for asylum and is deported back to Nigeria, we follow her back to the steaming slums of Lagos.

Anna was trafficked from her village in Nigeria to Europe by trusted next door neighbours. When she finally arrived she was locked in a flat with five other Nigerian women under the control of a Madam, who stole her passport and told her she owed 60,000 euros. Anna was forced into prostitution to start repaying this debt, and when she tried to run away, Russian thugs nearly beat her to death.

Through her tears Anna tells us “I went with one man to his place. When I got there, it was eight of them. They all go round and sleep with me. I can call that rape. But I was so scared to go to the police because if I went to the police, they would send me back to Africa”.

Michelle travels to Africa to find out for herself why these women are so scared to go back. Shockingly, in every village mothers try to give her their young girls to take to back to Europe. One woman says her daughters are in Europe doing “hairdressing, fashion design. Because they have gone to the white man’s land, we are happy”. Michelle draws another conclusion: “Here in the villages the truth is never told. Everyone wants to retain the illusion, that Europe is a paradise. And that their daughters are earning money doing some kind of really fancy job”.

Michelle meets up with Anna again. She is on the run. The traffickers have beaten her mother poured boiling water on her father, saying they will kill her parents if Anna doesn’t go back to prostitution in Europe. Anna is also terrified by the voodoo rituals the traffickers forced her to take part in. She had to eat live chicken and the voodoo priest took her hair and blood. Women’s rights worker Bisi Olateru-olagbegi explains this powerful ritual: “When somebody is holding your body parts that person has some connection with you. It’s like poison. That makes the girls so afraid of renouncing the traffickers, because the repercussions of oath breaking are death and madness”.

The film ends with Anna pleading on the phone with her own mother not to make her go back into prostitution. “Ten people will fuck you and at the end you get no money. All the pain. “No” I say. I don’t want to work on the street anymore. It’s not for me”.

Inside the Child Sex Trade  - 40min. documentary Publisher: Journeyman Location: Indonesia Copyright: ©SBS Published: 16 Jun, 2005 Last Updated: 16 Dec, 2010


The plight of child sex slaves has been well publicised but seldom do we get to see inside their nasty world. Recently however, an undercover film crew did just that. They gained rare access to Diana and Lina, two teenage prostitutes at a brothel in Batam. Focusing on the girls’ plight and the mission to save them, they filmed every event leading to the girls’ rescue. It’s a confronting and harrowing expose of young children lured into a life of prostitution.

A young girl cowers in fear outside a brothel. Diana is so traumatised and crying so hard she can barely talk. She’s just been reunited with her family after being sold as a sex slave. Now, she’s terrified of their reaction. Inside the brothel, a Mafia don is negotiating with the pimps for Diana - and her friend Lina’s - release. The girls’ enslavement is finally coming to an end.“Batam is a city built for wealthy tourists from overseas,” states social worker Ramses scathingly. “It’s only used for sex tourism and gambling.” His organisation, PRAI, tries to rescue trafficked children. But it’s an endless task. There are an estimated 7,500 child prostitutes here. The brothels are run by gangsters and the government refuses to even acknowledge the problem. But if politicians won’t help rescue children like Diana and Lina, fellow prostitutes will. The rescue mission got underway three weeks ago when Tia, another worker at the brothel, agreed to help. “I always thought it was strange seeing those two there,” she explains. “They’re too young.” She agreed to act as a link, passing on messages from PRAI to Diana and Lina.Diana and Lina have been working at the brothel for eight months. “When they were brought to Batam, they didn’t know how old they were, whether they were ten or fifteen,” states Ruli, the PRAI worker assigned to their case. “But what is clear is that they had not begun menstruating.” She takes us to meet the girls and tries to persuade them to escape. But while Lina is willing to go, Diana refuses. “She’s afraid her father will kill her if he finds out she’s been doing this kind of work.”Ramses is desperate to rescue the girls but they’re too frightened to go. “They want their parents to come and get them. They don’t trust anyone else,” Tia explains. Her information also reinforces the urgent need to get the girls out. “They did something to Lina to make her menstruate. Her period lasted a month,” she confides. There is concern the repeated rapes have caused the girls serious injury.Ramses locates the girls parents but now that things are moving ahead, he’s increasingly worried about the rescue. “If we’re discovered, they might be hidden away or even killed.” To minimise the risk, he’s asked a businessmen from the girl’s home island with links to the Mafia to help. Finally, the moment arrives and the men leave for the rescue. The girls’ future hinges on the success of the mission. They know nothing of the rescue plan and are shocked to see their family. While they are consoled, the businessman negotiates their release. The pimp continues to maintain the girls were never coerced. “They came of their own free will. No one is being sold here. They came by themselves.” Free at last, Diana and Lina are taken straight to hospital. They both test positive for venereal diseases. They also start to tell their story. The traffickers promised them jobs as street vendors in Java. It was only when they arrived that they discovered what they would really be doing. “They said we wouldn’t be selling snacks, rather we would be selling our c*nts,” Lina recalls in shame. The girls return to their village but Ramses remains concerned about their future. In the words of Lina: “We’re damaged goods now.”


The Real Sex Traffic






A gripping documentary exposé inside the global sex slave trade in women from the former Soviet Bloc.

An estimated half million women are trafficked annually for the purpose of sexual slavery. They are "exported" to over 50 countries including Britain, Italy, Japan, Germany, Israel, Turkey, China, Kosovo, Canada and the United States. Misunderstood and widely tolerated, sex trafficking has become a multi- billion dollar underground industry. According to the International Herald Tribune, human trafficking is the fastest growing form of organized crime in Eastern Europe. Kidnapped and/or lured by those who prey on their dreams, their poverty, and their naiveté, Eastern European women are trafficked to foreign lands -- often with falsified visas -- where they become modern day sex slaves. Upon arrival, they are sold to pimps, drugged, terrorized, caged in brothels and raped repeatedly. For these women and young girls, there is no life, no liberty and no chance for a happy and meaningful future.

The Real Sex Traffic takes us to “ground zero” of the sex trade - Moldova and Ukraine - where traffickers effortlessly find vulnerable women desperate to go abroad and earn some money. The film focuses on the remarkable story of Viorel, a Ukrainian man on a mission to find his pregnant, trafficked wife in Turkey. Our hidden cameras follow Viorel as he travels to Turkey; his only lead the telephone number of the pimp who, he believes, has Katia in his possession. To secure his wife’s release, after days of desperate efforts, Viorel poses as a trafficker and sets out to buy his wife back. We follow Viorel to his meeting with Katia’s captor and from there into the world of trafficked women.

Interwoven with Viorel’s story, we meet other victims, traffickers and the families that have been torn apart by the trade in human flesh. This film is the first film to have a convicted trafficker talk openly about how trafficking works, and how women are coerced into sexual slavery. With hidden cameras, we watch as traffickers move people across borders with impunity and expose how easy it is to purchase a modern day sex slave. Sex Traffic also takes us to England and Canada where we find victims who tell harrowing tales of being repeatedly sold from country to country. Hiding her identity to protect her life, “Natasha” shares her heart wrenching story of being bought and sold from Romania to Italy and on to Germany and Belgium. Her final stop was Britain where she was put to work in a north London sauna. “Natasha” was finally freed from her nightmare in a police raid, a year after her abduction. For her part, “Eva” thought she was getting a job as a nanny in Toronto until her handlers took her from the airport to a strip club and forced her to work off her “debt”, i.e., her purchase price, before she could be set free. Sex Traffic explores the global trafficking problem through personal stories and unfettered access to traffickers and the people they use as human chattel. The documentary captures both the investigative story and the human story behind the headlines. From the villages of Moldova and Ukraine, to underground brothels and discotheques, we witness firsthand the brutal world of white sex slavery.

If you would like to donate to the Poppy Project, which helps victims of trafficking in the UK, you can do so via, or Apart from financial donations autumn and winter clothing for the women (and their children) as well as toiletries are needed.



Marcus Ball ] Contact ] Site Index ]